دوره 16، شماره 2 - ( June 1397 )                   جلد 16 شماره 2 صفحات 195-202 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kwah S B, Abdullahi A. Coping Strategies in People With Spinal Cord Injury: A Qualitative Interviewing. IRJ. 2018; 16 (2) :195-202
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-845-fa.html
Coping Strategies in People With Spinal Cord Injury: A Qualitative Interviewing. مجله انگلیسی زبان توانبخشی. 1397; 16 (2) :195-202

URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-845-fa.html


چکیده:   (239 مشاهده)
Objectives: Coping strategies are important following spinal cord injury (SCI). It is equally important to know the peculiar coping strategy used in a given population with a distinct cultural background. The aim of this study was to explore the peculiar coping strategies used by people with SCI in Kano. 
Methods: The study was a qualitative interview approved by the research ethics committees of the Kano State Ministry of Health and National Orthopaedics Hospital, Dala. The participants were interviewed individually using a qualitative interview guide while their responses were recorded by a note taker and using a tape recorder. Thereafter, the responses were transcribed, coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. 
Results: Twenty people with SCI having a mean age of 35.10±13.56 years and who were at least 1 year post SCI participated in the study. The results showed that people with SCI in Kano use religion mostly (95%), followed by acceptance (45%) and denial, substance use, blame, seeking social and positive reframing with each having 5%. Additionally, the use of religion pertains to absolute belief in the will of God as the cause of their condition and use of regular prayers. However, the use of religion and acceptance seem to be interdependent in this population. 
Discussion: Religion is majorly used as a way to cope and accept a stressful condition such as SCI in this population. Therefore, healthcare professionals and caregivers are required to understand the peculiar coping strategies used by a given population so as to help reinforce them
متن کامل [PDF 541 kb]   (86 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: توانبخشی اعصاب
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۳ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۳/۱۷ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۳/۱۱

فهرست منابع
1. Dijkers M. Quality of life after spinal cord injury: A meta-analysis of the effects of disablement components. Spinal Cord. 1997; 35:829-40 [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3100571] [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3100571]
2. Westgren N, Richard Levi. Quality of life and traumatic spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1998; 79(11):1433–9. [DOI:10.1016/S0003-9993(98)90240-4] [DOI:10.1016/S0003-9993(98)90240-4]
3. Jackson AB, Dijkers M, Devivo MJ, Poczatek RB. A demographic profile of new traumatic spinal cord injury–changes and stablity over 30 years. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2004; 85: 1740–8. [DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.035] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.035]
4. Gill M. Psychosocial implications of spinal cord injury. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 1999; 22(2):1-7. [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/00002727-199908000-00002] [PMID]
5. Lidal IB, Huynh TK, Biering-Sørensen F. Return to work following spinal cord injury: A review. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2007; 29(17):1341-75. [DOI:10.1080/09638280701320839] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/09638280701320839]
6. Song HY, Nam KA. Coping strategies, physical function, and social adjustment in people with spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Nursing Journal. 2010; 35:8–15. [DOI:10.1002/j.2048-7940.2010.tb00025.x] [DOI:10.1002/j.2048-7940.2010.tb00025.x]
7. Kennedy P, Garmon-Jones L. Self-harm and suicide before and after spinal cord injury: A systematic review. Spinal Cord 2017; 55:2-7. [DOI:10.1038/sc.2016.135] [DOI:10.1038/sc.2016.135]
8. Wyndaele JJ. Life and quality of life after Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord. 2017; 55:1. [DOI:10.1038/sc.2016.185] [DOI:10.1038/sc.2016.185]
9. Folkman S, Lazarus RS, Dunkel-Schetter C, Delongis A, Gruen R. Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal coping, and encounter outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1986; 50:992–1003. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.50.5.992] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.50.5.992]
10. Gaston-Johansson F, Haisfield-Wolfe ME, Reddick B, Goldstein N, Lawal TA. The relationships among coping strategies, religious coping, and spirituality in African American women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. Oncology Nursing Forum. 2013; 40(2):120-31. [DOI:10.1188/13.ONF.120-131] [PMID] [DOI:10.1188/13.ONF.120-131]
11. Song HY. Modeling social reintegration in persons with spinal cord injury. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2005; 27(3):131-41. [DOI:10.1080/09638280400007372] [DOI:10.1080/09638280400007372]
12. Pollard C, Kennedy P. A longitudinal analysis of emotional impact, coping strategies and post-traumatic psychological growth following spinal cord injury: A 10-year review. British Journal of Health Psychology. 2007; 12(3):347-62. [DOI:10.1348/135910707X197046] [PMID] [DOI:10.1348/135910707X197046]
13. Elfstrom ML, Kennedy P, Lude P, Taylor N. Condition-related coping strategies in persons with spinal cord lesion: A cross-national validation of the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire in four community samples. Spinal Cord. 2007; 45:420–8. [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3102003] [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/sj.sc.3102003]
14. Allen AB, Leary MR. Self-compassion, stress, and coping. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 2010; 4(2):107–18. [DOI:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00246.x] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00246.x]
15. Lazarus RS, DeLongis A, Folkman S, Gruen R. Stress and adaptational outcomes: The problem of confounded measures. American Psychologist. 1985; 40:770–779. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.40.7.770] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.40.7.770]
16. Skinner EA, Edge K, Altman J, Sherwood H. Searching for the structure of coping: A review and critique of category systems for classifying ways of coping. Psychological Bulletin. 2003; 129:216–69. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.129.2.216] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.129.2.216]
17. Babamohamadi H, Negarandeh R Dehghan-Nayeri N. Coping strategies used by people with spinal cord injury: A qualitative study. Spinal Cord. 2011; 49:832–7 [DOI:10.1038/sc.2011.10] [PMID] [DOI:10.1038/sc.2011.10]
18. Anderson CJ, Vogel LC, Chlan KM, Betz RR. Coping with spinal cord injury: Strategies used by adults who sustained their injuries as children or adolescents. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2008; 31:290–6. [DOI:10.1080/10790268.2008.11760725] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1080/10790268.2008.11760725]
19. Babamohamadi H, Negarandeh R, Dehghan-Nayeri N. Barriers to and facilitators of coping with spinal cord injury for Iranian patients: A qualitative study. Nursing & Health Sciences. 2011; 13(2):207-15. [DOI:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00602.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00602.x]
20. Fusch PI, Ness LR. Are we there yet? Data saturation in qualitative research. Qualitative Report. 2015; 20(9):1408-16.
21. Tombaugh TN, McIntyre NJ. The mini-mental state examination: A comprehensive review. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1992; 40(9):922-35. [DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1992.tb01992.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1992.tb01992.x]
22. Mungas D. In-office mental status testing: A practical guide. Geriatrics. 1991; 46(7):54-8. [PMID] [PMID]
23. Conner KO, Copeland VC, Grote NK, Rosen D, Albert S, McMurray ML, et al. Barriers to treatment and culturally endorsed coping strategies among depressed African-American older adults. Aging and Mental Health. 2010; 14(8):971–83. [DOI:10.1080/13607863.2010.501061] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1080/13607863.2010.501061]
24. McCrae RR, Costa PT jr. Personality, coping and coping effectiveness in adult sample. Journal of Personality. 1986; 54:385-405. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1986.tb00401.x] [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1986.tb00401.x]
25. Meer S, Mir G. Muslims and depression: The role of religious beliefs in therapy. Journal of Integrative Psychology and Therapeutics. 2014. [DOI:10.7243/2054-4723-2-2] [DOI:10.7243/2054-4723-2-2]
26. Sabry WM, Vohra A. Role of Islam in the management of Psychiatric disorders. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2013; 55(Suppl 2):S205–S214. [DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.105534] [DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.105534]
27. Ismail H, Wright J, Rhodes P, Small N. Religious beliefs about causes and treatment of epilepsy. British Journal of General Practice. 2005; 55(510):26–31. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Ferid I. Why belief in destiny one of the pillars of Islamic Creed? [Internet]. 2013 [Updated 2013 May 17]. Available from: http://www.thepenmagazine.net/why-belief-in-destiny-one-of-the-pillars-of-islamic-creed/
29. Carver CS, Scheier MF, Weintraub JK. Assessing coping strategies: theoretically based approach.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1989; 56(2):267–83. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.56.2.267] [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.56.2.267]
30. Cornell NR. Factors Influencing the Likelihood of Using Religion as a Coping Mechanism in Response to Life Event Stressors. [Honors Theses]. Minnesota: College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University; 2015.
31. Munce SEP, Webster F, Fehlings MG, Straus SE, Jang E, Jagla SB. Perceived facilitators and barriers to self-management in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury: A qualitative descriptive study. BMC. 2014; 14:48. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2377-14-48] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1186/1471-2377-14-48]

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb