Volume 17, Issue 4 (December 2019)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2019, 17(4): 305-312 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.32598/irj.17.4.305


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1- Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Department of Hand and Reconsructive Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
3- Occupational Therapist in Social Welfare Organization, Mazandaran, Iran.
4- Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.; Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (924 Views)
Objectives: Comparing time use patterns and self-efficacy in two groups of mothers, including mothers of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and mothers of children with typical development, is the main objective of this study.
Methods: This study was carried out in 2017 in Arak, Iran, on 200 mothers. Multiple sources of the evaluation, including Mothers’ Time Use Questionnaire and Sherer General Self-efficacy Questionnaire, were used. SPSS v. 22 software was used to analyze the data.
Results: The Mean±SD age of children was 4.64±1.46 years in the group of children with CP and 4.64±1.47 in the group of children with typical development. Significant differences were found between groups in the amount of time spent in various occupations, including self-care, childcare and household, leisure, rest/sleep, and work. Mothers of children with CP significantly spent a bigger proportion of time on “rest/sleep” and “childcare and household” areas (P<0.001). However, mothers of children with typical development spent significantly more time in “Self-care” (P=0.01), “Leisure” (P<0.001), and “Work” (P<0.001) areas. Also, significant differences were found between groups in the level of satisfaction.
Discussion: Lower total score of the time use questionnaire in the group of mothers of children with CP might be because of the nature of limitations and the negative burden of this type of disease in terms of socio-cultural and fewer health system services.
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Type of Study: Original Research Articles | Subject: Occupational therapy
Received: 2018/08/13 | Accepted: 2019/05/1 | Published: 2019/12/29