Volume 19, Issue 1 (March 2021)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2021, 19(1): 23-30 | Back to browse issues page


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Safarpour L, Jalilevand N, Ghorbani A, Rasouli M, Bayazian G. Language Sample Analysis in Children With Cleft Lip and Palate. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2021; 19 (1) :23-30
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1132-en.html
1- Department of Speech and Language Pathology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biostatics, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, ENT and Head and Neck Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1145 Views)
Objectives: Cleft Palate (CP) with or without Cleft Lip (CL/P) are the most common craniofacial birth defects. Cleft Lip and Palate (CLP) can affect children’s communication skills. The present study aimed to evaluate language production skills concerning morphology and syntax (morphosyntactic) in children with CLP.
Methods: In the current cross-sectional study, 58 Persian-speaking children (28 children with CLP & 30 children without craniofacial anomalies=non-clefts) participated. Gathering the language samples of the children was conducted using the picture description method. The 50 consecutive intelligible utterances of children were analyzed by the Persian Developmental Sentence Scoring (PDSS), as a clinical morphosyntactic measurement tool.
Results: The PDSS total scores of children with CLP were lower than those of the non-clefts children. A significant difference was found between the studied children with CLP and children without craniofacial anomalies in the mean value of PDSS total scores (P=0.0001). 
Discussion: Children with CLP demonstrate a poor ability for using morphosyntactic elements. Therefore, it should be considered how children with CLP use the grammatical components.
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Article type: Brief Report | Subject: Speech therapy
Received: 2020/01/26 | Accepted: 2021/03/30 | Published: 2021/03/30

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