Volume 7, Issue 1 (April 2009)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2009, 7(1): 44-49 | Back to browse issues page

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Esbati M, Roberts J M. Autism Treatment and Family Support Models Review. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2009; 7 (1) :44-49
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-56-en.html
1- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Abstract:   (11433 Views)

Autism is a lifelong neurological disability of unknown etiology. The criteria for a diagnosis of autism are based on a triad of impairments in social interaction, communication and a lack of flexibility in thinking and behavior There are several factors which are likely to contribute to this variation including the definition of autism and variability in diagnosis amongst professionals, however anecdotally there appears to have been a steadily increasing demand for services. The purpose of this review of research literature relating to the management and treatment of children with autism is to identify the most effective models of best practice. The review includes Comparative evidence supporting a range of treatment and intervention models, across the range of individuals included within autism spectrum disorders, psychodynamic treatment/management which are based on the assumption that autism is the result of emotional damage to the child, usually because of failure to develop a close attachment to parents, especially the mother, biological treatments, educational and behavioral interventions, communication therapies, cost benefits and supporting families.The research is examined for evidence to support best practice models in supporting families at the time of diagnosis and assessment and an overview of the nature of comprehensive supports that help reduce stresses that may be experienced by families of a child with autism and promote inclusion in community activities.

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Article type: Reviews |
Received: 2008/11/12 | Accepted: 2009/03/1 | Published: 2009/04/1

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