Volume 19, Issue 4 (December 2021)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2021, 19(4): 407-416 | Back to browse issues page

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Habib W, Awotidebe A W. Cost-effectiveness of Self-managed Program Versus Usual Physiotherapy Care of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis in Nigeria. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2021; 19 (4) :407-416
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1099-en.html
1- Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Abstract:   (809 Views)
Objectives: This study aims to compare, from a patient’s perspective, the cost-effectiveness between a self-managed program and usual physiotherapy care in treating knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: The study participants were assigned into two groups: group I received a weekly physiotherapy treatment plus instructions on self-management skills in goal setting, pain management, exercise, healthy eating, and dealing with fatigue (self-managed group); group II had a physiotherapy session three times a week (usual care group). The osteoarthritis cost and consequence and European quality of life-5 dimension (EQ-5D) were used to generate utility scores. The health effects measure of quality-adjusted life year (QALY) was obtained, and an incremental cost-effective ratio was calculated. Cost-effectiveness was determined by plotting a cost-effectiveness plane of incremental cost against QALY obtained.
Results: After 8 weeks of intervention, the self-managed group recorded more significant improvements in pain level, function, and health-related quality of life than the usual care group. Clinical consultation costs (Mean±SD NGN [Nigerian naira]=1800±979), physiotherapy treatment costs (Mean±SD NGN=4000±00), and transportation costs (Mean±SD NGN=1,940±1,150) were less for the self-managed group than the usual care group. Imaging (x-ray) and drug costs did not differ significantly between groups. The QALYs gained over the 8-week intervention period was 0.13 for the self-management group compared to 0.11 for the usual care group. 
Discussion: From the patient’s perspective, a self-managed program was cost-effective and cheaper for healthcare resource use. Physiotherapists may adopt the program to reduce out-of-pocket expenses for patients with knee osteoarthritis.
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Article type: Original Research Articles | Subject: Physiotherapy
Received: 2019/11/14 | Accepted: 2021/09/20 | Published: 2021/12/19

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