Volume 22, Issue 1 (March 2024)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2024, 22(1): 15-24 | Back to browse issues page

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Nazir A, Tiksnadi B B, Ridzki M F F A. Exercise-based Rehabilitation to Improve Exercise Tolerance of Severe COVID-19 Survivors: A Review Paper. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2024; 22 (1) :15-24
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1630-en.html
1- Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.
2- Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.
3- Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.
Abstract:   (594 Views)
Objectives: This review aimed to determine the form, results, and barriers to exercise-based rehabilitation programs for severe COVID-19 survivors.
Methods: Searching for the article was carried out from August to October 2021. We used the PubMed database as a search media with the keywords ([‘COVID-19’ OR ‘COVID 19’ OR ‘SARS CoV-2’ OR ‘post COVID-19’] AND [‘rehabilitation’]). Original articles and case reports published in the last 2 years (July 2019-2022), written in English, available in full text, and accessible in PDF or HTML format were included. Articles were excluded if they did not fit the research topic after reading the full text.
Results: There were a total of 7461 articles found at the initial screening using keywords. In the next screening using the inclusion and exclusion criteria and after reading the whole article, we found 9 articles that matched the topic. Of these, 7 articles were original articles and 2 case reports. All of the articles explained the forms and outcomes of exercise-based rehabilitation in severe cases of COVID-19 survivors. However, no article explained the barriers to rehabilitation.
Discussion: Exercise was generally given to increase exercise tolerance in severe COVID-19 survivors in both inpatient and outpatient cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programs. The form of exercise was aerobic, strength, or endurance training, and other forms of exercise such as balance training as well as breathing exercises. The type and intensity of exercises given were tailored to the patient’s needs. Research showed that exercise-based rehabilitation programs resulted in a positive impact on increasing the survivor’s quality of life, functional capability, and exercise tolerance. A previous study explained that barriers to rehabilitation in COVID-19 were related to the patient’s health condition, COVID-19 infectivity, and issues related to health services.
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Article type: Reviews | Subject: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Received: 2022/03/14 | Accepted: 2023/10/11 | Published: 2024/03/1

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