Volume 22, Issue 2 (June 2024)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2024, 22(2): 285-294 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.SUMS.REHAB.REC.1397.001

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Safavi S N, Taghizadeh S, Ahmadi Ashan E. Mildly Kyphotic Students Had More Shoulder Trigger Points Than Students With Normal Spinal Posture. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2024; 22 (2) :285-294
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1910-en.html
1- Department of Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences Research Center, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (356 Views)
Objectives: Painful trigger points (PTP) may be caused or exacerbated by many factors, including abnormal spinal posture. This study compares PTP in the shoulder and scapular areas of mildly kyphotic subjects versus subjects with a normal spine among physiotherapy (PT) students enrolled at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz City, Iran.
Methods: A total of 60 PT students, 30 with mild kyphosis and 30 with a normal spine, were randomly and voluntarily recruited. The data collection was planned based on the subjects’ spinal posture, shoulder and scapular pain levels, and the intensity of pain evoked in response to pressure. The spinal posture was assessed using a flexible ruler, while the trigger points were evaluated as described previously by Travell and Simon. A digital pressure algometer assessed the subjects’ pain thresholds, and the pain levels were quantified using a visual analog scale (VAS).
Results: The data indicated significant differences between the mildly kyphotic subjects and individuals with a normal thoracic spine posture concerning their trigger points, pain scales, and pressure thresholds that caused pain. Despite the significant differences between both groups for their latent trigger points, the mean scores for the active trigger points were not significantly different.
Discussion: There were more trigger points in students with mild kyphosis than in subjects with a normal spine posture. Meanwhile, mild thoracic kyphosis, likely from imbalanced paraspinal muscles, may be linked to the development and or severity of trigger point pain in mildly kyphotic students.
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Article type: Original Research Articles | Subject: Rehabilitation Management
Received: 2023/02/27 | Accepted: 2023/05/8 | Published: 2024/06/1

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