Volume 13, Number 2 (June 2015)                   IRJ 2015, 13(2): 16-22 | Back to browse issues page


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Yarmohamadi Vasel M, Tavakoli M, Ghanadi F, Farhoudian A, Farhadi M H. Factors Associated with the Transition from Drug Abuse to Initiation of Injection Drug Use. IRJ. 2015; 13 (2) :16-22
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-536-en.html

1- Department of Psychology, Buali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Substance Abuse and Dependency Research Center, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University,Tehran, Iran.
4- Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Centre, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (811 Views)

Objectives: Drug injection carries with it many risks and therefore it is important to understand the initiating factors of injection and its origins. Thus,  the purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the initiation of injection drug use among substance abusers.

Methods:  Study method was a cross-sectional study. The research statistics universe constitutes all people suffering from a substance dependence disorder with a pattern of injection use in Tehran and Hamedan. This study was conducted among 216 individuals with substance dependence disorders who were selected from harm reduction centers in Tehran and Hamedan. The sampling selection method was simply random. The instruments used for data collection included: demographic information, patterns of drug use and initiation of injection scales. 

Results: In this study, the average age of initiation to injections was 22.5 years. Factors associated with initiation of drug injection included: acquired more pleasure, easier use, faster effect of injection, ineffective previous use method, curiosity, peer pressure, lack of availability of the drug, poverty, and low quality drugs.

Discussion: Results of this study indicate that initiation factors to drug injection are multifaceted (Psychological, Social, Economic and Environmental), therefore, injection interventionists should consider all these factors for prevention, treatment and harm reduction.

Full-Text [PDF 109 kb]   (275 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Articles | Subject: epidemiological studies
Received: 2015/04/26 | Accepted: 2015/05/29 | Published: 2015/06/1

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