Volume 13, Number 4 (December 2015)                   IRJ 2015, 13(4): 74-79 | Back to browse issues page


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Doostian Y, Arian M, Massah O, Heidari N, Jalalvand M, Ahovan M. The Association between Emotional Expressiveness Style and Addiction Potential in Male High School Students . IRJ. 2015; 13 (4) :74-79
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-539-en.html

1- Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
4- Allameh Tabataba'ei University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (874 Views)

Objectives: The current study was designed to examine the association between the emotional expressiveness style and addiction potential among male high school students.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 180 male high school students that had been selected through multi-stage random sampling from Karaj city’s at-risk high schools. The research tools consisted of: a) the researcher-made demographic questionnaire, b) addiction potential scale (APS), c) emotional expressiveness questionnaire (EEQ). Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) were used to analyze data.

Results: Based on the results, emotional expressiveness and its components were negatively and significantly associated with addiction: ‘expression of positive emotion’ (P=0.001), ‘expression of negative emotion’ (p=0.001), and ‘expression of intimacy’ (P=0.001). ‘Expression of positive emotion’ plays a more significant role in predicting addiction potential. Addiction potential was significantly associated with familial economic status (P=0.024).

Discussion: On the whole, our results underscore the significance of emotions and emotional expressiveness in predicting addiction potential in adolescents. Therefore, it is essential to educate adolescents during their schooling years to prevent this phenomenon.

Full-Text [PDF 119 kb]   (504 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Articles |
Received: 2015/10/1 | Accepted: 2015/11/17 | Published: 2015/12/1

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