Volume 13, Number 4 (December 2015)                   IRJ 2015, 13(4): 68-73 | Back to browse issues page


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Delavarian M, Bokharain B, Towhidkhah F, Afrooz G A. Working Memory Training in Children with Mild Intellectual Disability, Through Designed Computerized Program . IRJ. 2015; 13 (4) :68-73
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-540-en.html

1- Department of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2- Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
3- Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (968 Views)

Objectives: The aim of this research is designing a computerized program, in game format, for working memory training in mild intellectual disabled children.

Methods: 24 students participated as test and control groups. The auditory and visual-spatial WM were assessed by primary test, which included computerized Wechsler numerical forward and backward sub- tests, and secondary tests, which contained three parts: dual visual-spatial test, auditory test, and a one-syllable word recalling test.

Results: The results showed significant differnces between working memory capacity in the intellectually disabled children and normal ones (P-value<0.00001). After using the computerized working memory training, Visual-spatial WM, auditory WM, and speaking were improved in the trained group. The mentioned four tests showed significant differences between pre-test and post-test. The trained group showed more improvements in forward tasks. The trained participant’s processing speed increased with training.

Discussion: According to the results, comprehensive human-computer interfaces and the aplication of computer in children training, especially in traing of intellectual disabled children with impairements in visual and auditory perceptions, could be more effective and vaulable.

Full-Text [PDF 295 kb]   (562 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Articles |
Received: 2015/09/19 | Accepted: 2015/11/10 | Published: 2015/12/1

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