Volume 14, Number 3 (September 2016)                   IRJ 2016, 14(3): 171-178 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.18869/nrip.irj.14.3.171

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Hadizad T, Sajedi F, Movallali G, Reza Soltani P. Effectiveness of Resiliency Training in Improving Mother-Child Relationship in Mothers of Children With Mental Retardation. IRJ. 2016; 14 (3) :171-178
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-545-en.html

1- Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MD Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (641 Views)

Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of resiliency training in improving the mother-child relationship between mothers and their children with mental retardation. 
Methods: This study employed an experimental design (pre-test, post-test) with the control group. The statistical population consisted of 52 mothers and their educable and mentally retarded children (3-12 years old) who were kept at daily welfare agency centers in Babol city, Iran. The experimental group received resiliency training program in 12 sessions (70 mins for each session) while the control group received no intervention. The measurement tool consisted of the mother-child’s relationship questionnaire. Data analysis was done using multivariate analysis of covariance at a significance level of P<0.05.
Results: The post-test analysis showed a significant decrease in the exclusion of children, extreme support and the easy going nature of mothers in the experimental group; however, the acceptance rate of mothers increased significantly. 
Discussion: It seems that the resiliency training program improves the mother-child relationship in the case of mothers and their mentally retarded children and hence, reduces the exclusion, extreme support, and being easy-going nature. This improvement may be due to the changing attitude towards disability and improvement in the skills and behaviors of mothers.

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Type of Study: Original Research Articles | Subject: Speech therapy
Received: 2016/05/1 | Accepted: 2016/08/3 | Published: 2016/10/1

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