Volume 13, Number 4 (December 2015)                   IRJ 2015, 13(4): 28-33 | Back to browse issues page


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Pakniya N, Bahmani B, Dadkhah A, Azimian M, Naghiyaee M, MasudiSani R. Effectiveness of Cognitive Existential Approach on Decreasing Demoralization in Women with Multiple Sclerosis . IRJ. 2015; 13 (4) :28-33
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-550-en.html

1- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (884 Views)
Objectives: Multiple Sclerosis is the most prevalent central nervous system diseases thatdue to being chronic, frequent recurrence, uncertainty about its progress, and disability, can lead to various distresses as well as demoralization . Rehabilitation method based on Cognitive-Existential therapy is an integratedapproach which can help to decrease demoralization syndrome in these patients. This study aimed to exploring effectiveness of rehabilitation method based on Cognitive-Existential approach on decreasing demoralization syndrome in patients with MS.
Methods: Single subject design is used in this study. Among women who had referred to Tehran MS Association, 3 women (aged between 20-40) were selected through purposeful sampling and separately participated in 10 sessions (90 minutes). Participants were assessed during 7 phases of intervention (2 baselines, 3 measurement during intervention, 2 follow-up) through Demoralization Syndrome Scale (2004) and Cognitive Distortion scale (2010). Data were analyzed by calculating process variation index and visual analysis.
Results: Comparing patients with MS scores on the diagram during 7 time measurement and calculating recovery percentage, represent decreasing in demoralization syndrome score scale.
Discussions: Findings showed that rehabilitation method based on Cognitive Existential approach can decrease demoralization syndrome in patients with MS.
Full-Text [PDF 310 kb]   (896 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Articles |
Received: 2015/10/9 | Accepted: 2015/11/20 | Published: 2015/12/1

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