Volume 15, Issue 1 (March 2017 2017)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2017, 15(1): 5-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Shekari E, Nakhshab M, Valinejad V, Modarres Zadeh A, Hosseinpour A. A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Early Intervention and the Role of Parents in Language Development of Hearing Loss Children. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2017; 15 (1) :5-14
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-572-en.html
1- Department of Neuroscience, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Speech Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3- Department of Speech Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (4274 Views)

Objectives: Deaf and hard-of-hearing children are slow in language development, and language deficits are common in hearing-impaired children. Here, all areas of the language, including syntax, morphology, phonology, semantic and pragmatic, are involved, and this leads to a deficiency in reading and academic skills. Evidence shows that through early intervention, we can minimize or eliminate problems of children with hearing loss. Early intervention teaches parents how to communicate with their disabled child.
Methods: Internet search in databases including ISI Web of Knowledge, Embase and Pubmed from 1990 to 2014 was conducted. Key words such as children with hearing loss, deaf children, hard-of-hearing, family education program(s), early intervention, early detection, family’s approach, parent’s approach, and parent’s education program(s) were searched.
Results: A total of 100 articles were initially found, and only 20 articles were finally selected for the study. The inclusion criteria for the study were as follows: the article should be interventional and written in English and should be published between 1990 and 2014.
Discussion: Research showed the effectiveness of early intervention in the early development of language and vocabulary. In addition, early detection of hearing loss in the first 6 months of age has a positive impact on children and families interactions and consequently, on language and vocabulary development. The primary focus in the implementation of early intervention services is to reduce the negative effects of risk factors and facilitate optimum development over time. Finally, the combination of early diagnosis and early intervention for children with hearing impairment is necessary.

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Type of Study: Reviews |
Received: 2016/11/25 | Accepted: 2017/02/1 | Published: 2017/03/1

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