Volume 19, Issue 1 (March 2021)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2021, 19(1): 31-40 | Back to browse issues page

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Fadavi-Ghaffari M, Azad A, Taghizade G, Nakhostin-Ansari N, Shariatzadeh H, Aminizadeh S. The Psychometric Features of the Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation in Iranians With Scaphoid or Distal Radius Fracture. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2021; 19 (1) :31-40
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1181-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation Research Center, School of Rehabilition Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilition Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Orthopedy, Bone and Joint, Reconstruction Research Center, Shafa Orthopedic Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Orthopedic Specialist, Bone and Joint Reconstruction Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2593 Views)
Objectives: It is essential to have a suitable instrument for the accurate assessments of pain and disability outcomes during interventions; such tools also help to guide hand surgery and rehabilitation programs in distal radius or scaphoid fracture. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric features of the Patient-rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) questionnaire in Iranians with a history of scaphoid and distal radius fractures.
Methods: One hundred and fifty subjects with a history of scaphoid and distal radius fractures were recruited from hospital-based outpatient hand clinics and completed the PRWE, 2 and 7 days after the occurrence of fracture. Additionally, the Quick-Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (Quick-DASH), the percentage of Wrist Range of Motion (%ROM), Visual Analog Scale Pain/Disability (VAS-P, VAS-D), Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaires, and pinch and grip strength (%) were conducted in the study participants. Cronbach’s alpha (α) coefficient and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) were used to evaluate the internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the scale, respectively. Pearson or Spearman correlation coefficient was calculated for assessing the test’s construct validity.
Results: No floor or ceiling effect was found. A very high test-retest reliability was obtained for the PRWE’s total score and subscores (ICC≥0.92). Cronbach’s α coefficient was obtained as ≥0.78 for the PRWE and its subscales. The PRWE total score presented a weak to strong (0.24-0.74) correlation with the average values of %ROM, %power grip, %pinch strength, VAS-P, VAS-D, SF-36, and Quick-DASH. The standard error of the measurement of PRWE total score equaled 3.93; its smallest real difference was 10.86. 
Discussion: The PRWE presented acceptable validity and excellent reliability for measuring disability and pain in individuals with the scaphoid and distal radius fractures in Iran.
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Article type: Original Research Articles | Subject: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Received: 2020/05/31 | Accepted: 2021/03/30 | Published: 2021/03/30

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