Volume 20, Issue 1 (March 2022)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2022, 20(1): 43-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Mumtaz N, Fatima T, Saqulain G. Perception of Burden and Stress Among Mothers of Autistic Children in Pakistani Cultural Background. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2022; 20 (1) :43-52
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1455-en.html
1- Department of Speech Language Pathology, Faculty of Rehab and Allied Health Sciences,Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan.
2- Centre of Mentally and Physically Affected Special Students (COMPASS), Lahore, Pakistan.
3- Department of Otorhinolaryngology Capital Hospital PGMI, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Abstract:   (1319 Views)
Objectives: The study aimed to explore the perceived burden and stress among mothers of autistic children.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Riphah International University over 4 months, from October 2020 to January 2021. The samples were recruited using non-probability convenience sampling and comprised 84 mothers (23-60 years old) of children aged 3-16 years with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) from different special education centers in Lahore. A demographic questionnaire, Parental Stress Scale (PSS), and Zarit burden interview (ZBI) were used to collect the study data, which were analyzed in SPSS v. 22 software. 
Results: Forty-five Mothers (53.6%) suffered from moderate to severe burden with a high Mean±SD ZBI (41.75±10.62) and Parental Stress Scale (PSS) scores (48.67±8.04). Also, there is a significant positive correlation between the two scores (r=0.585, P=0.000). A significant association was noted between the mother’s stress and the severity of autism (P=0.006) and the child’s medication (P=0.008), also between the mother’s burden and the child’s age (P=0.019).
Discussion: According to the current study’s findings, mothers of children with ASD perceived a high level of burden and stress. The association was seen with factors of children’s age, severity level, and child medication.
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Article type: Original Research Articles | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2021/08/30 | Accepted: 2021/09/27 | Published: 2022/06/1

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