Volume 19, Issue 4 (December - In Press 2021)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2021, 19(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Bayat N, Ashtari A, Vahedi M. The Early Prelinguistic Skills Among a Sample of Iranian Infants and Toddlers. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2021; 19 (4)
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1464-en.html
1- Department of Speech Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Paediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Centre, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (528 Views)
Objectives: The prelinguistic skills which pave the way for language development have always been an area of interest in the speech therapy field. Although studying these skills is important, it is a deficient field of study among Persian children. Therefore, this study explored prelinguistic skills among a sample of Persian-speaking children aged 6 to 24 months and make a comparison between different age groups, as well as the influence of family history of speech-language disorders on children’s prelinguistic abilities. Also, the effects of gender differences on prelinguistic skills were studied.
Methods: In the present study, mothers of 277 Iranian Persian-speaking children aged 6 to 24 months were asked to fill a research-made checklist that evaluated prelinguistic skills. This study was cross-sectional research which was executed in Tehran in 2021. Children’s abilities in different age groups were compared using the analyzing variance (ANOVA), Scheffe’s test, the Kruskal-Wallis test, and the post-hoc test. The differences between the total scores of the two genders also was determined using the Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: The comparison of the prelinguistic skills in different age groups indicated statistically significant increase in the scores as children develop. Children with positive family history of speech-language disorders got fewer scores in checklist compared to the others (91.03, +17.37). Furthermore, there were statistically significant differences in the development of gesture, vocalization, first words, social interaction, imitation, and play between the two genders, which girls had higher scores.
Conclusion: Based on the studies conducted in different countries, prelinguistic skills develop as children grow up and facilitate language acquisition and other social skills. The present study also demonstrated the development of these skills alongside children’s development. This similarity between Persian-speaking children and other children with different cultures and languages, as well as better performance in children with negative family history of speech-language impairments, confirm the role of genetic factors in children’s development. Moreover, the differences in the development of some prelinguistic skills between girls and boys reveal the impact of various factors, such as social factors, on prelinguistic skills development.
Article type: Original Research Articles | Subject: Speech therapy
Received: 2021/09/20 | Accepted: 2021/10/20 | Published: 2021/12/19

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