Volume 19, Issue 4 (December - In Press 2021)                   Iranian Rehabilitation Journal 2021, 19(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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Hajmohammadi F, Hosseinifar M, Akbari A, Ghiasi F, Namvar H, Askari Ashtiani A. The Effect of Aquatic AND Non-Aquatic Balance Training on the Fall Risk Score in Patients With Grade 2 and 3 Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2021; 19 (4)
URL: http://irj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1196-en.html
1- Master's degree student in physiotherapy, Dept. of Physical Therapy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physical Therapy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
3- Associate Professor, Dept. of Physical Therapy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
4- Assistance professor, Dept. of Physical Therapy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
5- teacher, Dept. of Physical Therapy, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Abstract:   (559 Views)
Objective: To compare the efficacy of balance exercises in aquatic and non-aquatic environment vs control in patients with grade 2 and 3 knee osteoarthritis (OA).
Methods: For this single blind, randomized control trial study, forty-three women with mild to moderate OA were recruited through simple non-probability sampling. They were randomly assigned to the aquatic balance exercise group (n=15), non-aquatic balance exercise group (n=15) and a control group (n=13). Intervention was Aquatic and non-aquatic balance training program. Fall risk, the primary outcome, was measured by Biodex Balance system before and after intervention. One-way ANOVA and paired sample t-tests used for analyzing data.
Result: After 4-week intervention, fall risk score was significantly increased from 3.49±1.14 to 2.59±1.22 (p= 0.00) in aquatic balance training group, from 3.21± 0.62 to 2.19± 0.62 (p= 0.00) in non-aquatic balance training group, and from 3.77±1.13 to 3.17±1.22 (p= 0.00) in control group. In between group comparisons, we found only significant difference between non-aquatic balance training group with control group (p= 0.03)
Discussion: Despite the type of environment, the balance exercise program provided a significant improvement in fall risk score among patients with grade 2 and 3 knee osteoarthritis.
     
Article type: Original Research Articles | Subject: Physiotherapy
Received: 2020/07/2 | Accepted: 2021/04/28 | Published: 2021/12/19

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